Japanese Yūzen-Birodo cut velvet 天鵝絨 of a stag in a tree forest with original wood frame, Meiji period 1868-1912.
In 1868 Nishimura Sozaemon 西村総左衛門 the Kyoto textiles firm invented this technique. The velvet was woven by passing the threads over fine metal wires parallel to the woof and then cut to form the pile. The precise cutting would achieve a chiaroscuro three-dimensional effect.
The first example of Yūzen-Birodo was exhibited at the Second National Industrial Exhibition in Tokyo in 1881.
Reference: 'Threads of silk and gold, Ornamental Textiles from Meiji Japan' by H.T. McDermott and C. Pollard, The Oxford Ashmolean Museum Catalogue Exhibition, 2012, pp. 160-169.
Further references: 'Splendors of Meiji, Treasures of Imperial Japan' by Joe Earle, the Kibo Foundation 2002.
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